Private Health Insurance Exchanges
|This section relies largely or entirely upon a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the . Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources.|
A private health insurance exchange is an exchange run by a private sector company or nonprofit. Health plans and insurance carriers in a private exchange must meet certain criteria defined by the exchange management. Private exchanges combine technology and human advocacy, and include online eligibility verification and mechanisms for allowing employers who connect their employees or retirees with exchanges to offer subsidies. They are designed to help consumers find plans personalized to their specific health conditions, preferred doctor/hospital networks, and budget. These exchanges are sometimes called marketplaces or intermediaries, and work directly with insurance carriers, effectively acting as extensions of the carrier. The largest and most successful private health care exchange is CaliforniaChoice, established by CHOICE Administrators in 1996.
What Is The Difference Between Bronze Silver And Gold Marketplace Plans
All three plan types cover all of your essential healthcare needs. The difference is the ratio of premium cost vs. out-of-pocket costs . Bronze plans generally have lower premiums, but higher OOP if you need a lot of care. Gold plans have high premiums that help limit OOP. Silver plans provide the best value for most people, in terms of premium costs vs. OOP – especially if you qualify for financial assistance which will further lower your premiums.
What Is The Aca Health Insurance Marketplace
The Health Insurance Marketplace is a platform that offers insurance plans to individuals, families, and small businesses. The Affordable Care Act established the Marketplace as a means to extend health insurance coverage to millions of uninsured Americans. Many states offer their own marketplaces, while the federal government manages an exchange open to residents of other states.
You May Like: Are We Still Required To Have Health Insurance
Are There Different Plans Available Through The Health Insurance Marketplace
The four different categories of insurance plans available through the Marketplace are Platinum, Gold, Silver, and Bronze. All of the categories’ plans provide the same essential health benefits. The quality of care provided, or the access to doctors, doesn’t vary between plan types. The various categories differ by the types and amount of costs you’ll pay.
A Platinum plan’s premium is the highest, but you’ll have lower out-of-pocket costs, like copays for visiting the doctor and for prescription drugs. A Bronze plan’s premiums are the lowest, but you’ll have higher out-of-pocket costs. The Gold and Silver plans are in between.
Types Of Insurance Plans That Are Available In The Marketplace
The health insurance marketplace works by classifying plans into four different metal levels: Bronze, Silver, Gold and Platinum.
These metal levels are organized by the costs of each plan, like premiums, copays, deductibles, and coinsurance. A plan in the Platinum level will have the highest premium. While they cost more than other plans on the marketplace, these Platinum plans will cover the highest percentage of your medical bills .
This proportion of cost-to-coverage changes the further down you go from Platinum to Bronze. Bronze plans end up having the lowest premiums while only covering around 60% of your medical bills. The key is to find the right balance of cost to coverage that makes sense for both the amount of care you need and how much youre willing to spend.
However, theres one thing to keep in mind as you shop for plans. These levels are for the costs of each plan, NOT the quality of care youll receive. Buying a plan in a higher metal level doesnt mean youll receive better care as a result.
How To Save On Bronze Silver Gold And Platinum Health Insurance Plans
You can slash your health premium costs significantly if your income qualifies for a premium tax credit. This is true regardless of the metal tier.
The size of the tax credit for which you qualify will depend on your estimated household income. You will need the income information when you apply for coverage to find out whether youre eligible for a tax credit and how much you can expect to get back as part of the credit.
The federal governments Healthcare.gov website also has a tool that can help you find out whether youre likely eligible for the credit.
If you qualify for a credit, You will pay lower premiums and the health insurance marketplace will pay the tax credit amount to your health insurer. This means you will pay a lower monthly premium right away and wont have to wait to get your credit when you file your tax return.
Because this credit changes the amount you pay monthly for your premium, you must inform your health insurance marketplace right away if your income changeseither up or downduring the year.
Depending on your income, you also might qualify to save on your health insurance costs through what is known as a cost-sharing reduction. This can lower the amount you pay for deductibles, copayments and coinsurance.
What Is The Individual Health Insurance Marketplace
Also known as the health insurance exchange, the marketplace is a public, online store where you can shop for both individual and family health insurance plans in your state.
Through this shopping portal, you can compare the prices, quality and benefits of many health plans in one place. Plus, its a true marketplace, with many different insurers offering one or more plans to fit different needs and budgets.
The look and feel of your health insurance marketplace depends on the state where you live. Some states have their own marketplace, like Minnesotas MNsure. Other states use the federal marketplace at HealthCare.gov
You can purchase any plan in the marketplace during the yearly Individual Open Enrollment Period.
Does Employer Health Coverage Affect Eligibility For Premium Savings Through The Marketplace
Yes. If you have an offer of health coverage from your employer that meets certain standards, you will not be eligible for a tax credit through the Marketplace and may wish to enroll in your employers health plan. However, you may be eligible for a tax credit that lowers your monthly premium, or a reduction in certain cost-sharing if your employer does not offer coverage to you at all or does not offer coverage that meets certain standards. If the cost of a plan from your employer that would cover you is more than 9.5% of your household income for the year, or if the coverage your employer provides does not meet the minimum value standard set by the Affordable Care Act, you may be eligible for a tax credit.
Note: If you purchase a health plan through the Marketplace instead of accepting health coverage offered by your employer, then you may lose the employer contribution to the employer-offered coverage. Also, this employer contributionas well as your employee contribution to employer-offered coverageis often excluded from income for Federal and State income tax purposes. Your payments for coverage through the Marketplace are made on an after-tax basis.
What If I’m Pregnant And Want To Buy A Marketplace Plan
Under Obamacare, preexisting conditions are covered, including pregnancy. Maternity care and childbirth are considered essential health benefits, which means all Marketplace health plans must cover themâeven if you were pregnant before your coverage begins.
Some older individual health plans, though, don’t have to cover pregnancy and childbirth.
Don’t Miss: How Can I Change My Health Insurance
Choose The Right Plan
There are many different types of health insurance plans available. Some plans have higher premiums than others. You should choose a plan that has a premium you can afford while still providing the coverage you need, says Chavez. If you use your health insurance often, paying a higher premium each month will generally save you in expenses you have to pay out of pocket, but if you rarely use medical care, opting for a low monthly premium with less coverage will likely save you money, says Brynna Connor, M.D., a health care ambassador at NorthwestPharmacy.com.
Part B: Information About Health Coverage Offered By Your Employer
Note: You will need to take the document, which is available via the link at the end of this paragraph, to your benefits/payroll/personnel office for completion if you choose to apply for coverage through the Marketplace. This document contains information about any health coverage offered by your employer. If you decide to complete an application for coverage in the Marketplace, you will be asked to provide this information. This information is numbered to correspond to the Marketplace application. .
Read Also: Can You Buy Out Of State Health Insurance
What Is A Premium Tax Credit
A “premium tax credit” is a credit you can use to lower your monthly insurance payment when you enroll in a plan through the Marketplace. Only certain people are eligible for lower premiums and lower out-of-pocket costs for Marketplace plans. To qualify for lower premiums for a Marketplace plan, your household income must be between 100% of the federal poverty level and 400% of the federal poverty level .
Congress removed the 400% of FPL limit for 2021 through 2025
From 2021 through 2025, Americans who earn over 400% of the federal poverty level don’t have to pay more than 8.5% of their household income for Obamacare health insurance. No matter how high your income is, you can get a premium tax credit to the extent the cost of the silver benchmark plan in your area exceeds 8.5% of your household income. Those with incomes under 400% of the federal poverty level are required to pay less than 8.5% of their income for health insurance, based on a sliding scale.The old pre-2021 rules are scheduled to return in 2026.
If you are offered health coverage through your employer, you can purchase a policy through the Health Care Marketplace, but you are eligible for subsidies only if your employer-provided insurance isn’t affordable based on certain criteria. If you don’t qualify for your employer’s insurance because you work part-time, you can get health coverage through the Marketplace.
Different Plans For Different People
There isnt just a single Healthcare marketplace plan that you have to pick from. Its not just one option or nothing.
You can choose from plans that offer tiered coverage options, such as a Bronze, Silver, Gold, or Platinum plan. The Bronze plans will have low monthly premiums but high deductibles.
The Platinum plans offer low deductibles, low out-of-pocket costs, and high premiums.
You can decide what kind of expenses you want to deal with and whether you want to pay more upfront on your premium or pay more in your annual deductible for the year.
If you need help figuring out which kind of plan you should enroll in, and you want to know what might be the most affordable option for you, then you can feel free to give us a call.
Our site will help you to find low rates on Marketplace health insurance, and our team of experts will talk to you, answer questions and ensure that you feel informed and educated enough to make a smart decision for healthcare coverage.
You can choose a plan that fits you well, keeps costs very low for you, and makes healthcare manageable and affordable.
Recommended Reading: What Is The Best Health Insurance For College Students
How To Get Health Insurance Marketplace Coverage
The Health Insurance Marketplace enables you to review and purchase a health plan online at HealthCare.gov. The Marketplace also operates a 24/7 call center at 318-2596 and TTY callers can call 889-4325.
Seventeen states and the District of Columbia, listed below, operate their own health insurance exchanges. Health insurance shoppers in these locations must access their designated exchange, while people in other states can shop for and purchase coverage at the federal Health Insurance Marketplace.
Who Is Marketplace Insurance For
We already said that those who are considered low income individuals can qualify for this kind of insurance.
What this means essentially is that if you struggle to make ends meet when it comes to healthcare expenses, then you can probably qualify for Marketplace health coverage.
You wont have to struggle as much if you get one of these plans to help you out. They can provide excellent coverage that reduces how much you pay out of pocket for your healthcare and that consolidates a lot of your expenses into an affordable plan.
This is a good type of insurance for anyone who does not get coverage from their employer or a union.
If you are not working currently or your employer doesnt offer any insurance or decent insurance, then marketplace coverage could be exactly what you need.
It can cover you just as well as employer-based healthcare would, and perhaps even better.
Many people who are between jobs, who have been let go from their job, or who are part-time employees will be able to take advantage of this kind of insurance.
It can help them to get through a rough patch or even serve as long-term coverage to minimize healthcare costs and keep their insurance costs low.
ACA or marketplace coverage is also designed for people who do not qualify for Medicaid.
While Medicaid is made for low-income individuals and families, it is for a lower income bracket than Marketplace coverage.
Also Check: How To Apply For Public Health Insurance
How Much Does Marketplace Health Insurance Cost
The cost depends on the type of plan you choose. The Department of Health and Human Services said the annual premium for the benchmark Markeplace plan in 2017 was $3,624. However, it’s important to note that 8 out of 10 people typically qualify for financial assistance , and that reduces the premium cost even further.
Silver Health Insurance Plans
Your premiums are higher with a Silver plan than a Bronze plan, but theyre still lower than the other two plan types.
Out-of-pocket expenses also will be somewhat in the middle of all of the four plans.
Silver plans make sense for those who are willing to pay a higher premium than Bronze coverage in exchange for lower out-of-pocket expenses when they visit the doctor.
Silver plans are also the go-to choice for anyone who qualifies for cost-sharing reductions based on their income. To get these discounts, you must purchase a Silver plan. The ACA marketplace website factors in those cost-sharing subsidies when you enter your income information when comparing plans, so you will know if youre eligible when you apply for the plan.
Also Check: How Can You Buy Health Insurance
Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act Regulations
The subsidies for insurance premiums are given to individuals who buy a plan from an exchange and have a household income between 133% and 400% of the poverty line. Section 1401 of PPACA explains that each subsidy will be provided as an advanceable, refundable tax credit and gives a formula for its calculation:
Annual Health Insurance Premiums and Cost Sharing under PPACA for Average Family of 4
Except as provided in clause , the applicable percentage with respect to any taxpayer for any taxable year is equal to 2.8 percent, increased by the number of percentage points which bears the same ratio to 7 percentage points as the taxpayer’s household income for the taxable year in excess of 100 percent of the poverty line for a family of the size involved, bears to an amount equal to 200 percent of the poverty line for a family of the size involved. * SPECIAL RULE FOR TAXPAYERS UNDER 133 PERCENT OF POVERTY LINE- If a taxpayer’s household income for the taxable year is in excess of 100 percent, but not more than 133 percent, of the poverty line for a family of the size involved, the taxpayer’s applicable percentage shall be 2 percent.
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Title I: Subtitle E: Part I: Subpart A: Premium Calculation
Enrolling In Commercial Health Insurance
Before you can start using your commercial health insurance benefits, you must purchase a plan from your employer or on your own. If you have multiple plans to choose from, take time to compare the differences so you can pick the one thats best for your family.
When comparing health insurance plans, pay attention to the following specifications:
- Type of plan
- Amount of your deductible and any other out-of-pocket expenses
- Covered services
- Providers in the plans network
- Limits for out-of-pocket expenses
After comparing the options, decide which plan has out-of-pocket expenses you can manage with a monthly premium that fits in your budget. Then you can fill out the required paperwork and sign up.
Depending on your income, you could qualify for a premium tax credit that can help reduce the costs of plans purchased through the Health Insurance Marketplace.
Read Also: What Is Association Health Insurance
How The Health Insurance Marketplace Works
All Marketplace health insurance plans offer the same basic benefits, including doctor visits, hospitalization, and prescription drug coverage. A few extra benefits, such as adult dental and vision care, may be available on certain plans as well. To help you make the most informed decision, the Marketplace lets you shop by a number of different features, including benefits, price, and star rating.
The Marketplace operates seven days a week , 24 hours per day, and is accessible online and by phone.
Bronze Health Insurance Plans
Bronze plans have the lowest monthly premiums, which means you can save a lot of money on your monthly health insurance bill, particularly if you rarely see the doctor for anything besides an annual physical.
If you do need health care, though, you will pay more out of pocket for health care services with a Bronze plan than with any other type of metal plan. Health insurance deductibles tend to be high, meaning you could be responsible for paying thousands of dollars in medical bills before the health plan begins to pay out.
Health insurance companies sometimes also offer Expanded Bronze plans. These plans are similar to Bronze plans, but pay slightly more for health care services than a standard Bronze plan but not as much as a Silver plan.
Bronze plans tend to appeal to people who want the lowest premiums or may want comprehensive coverage to protect them from large medical costs but are willing to pay more out of pocket for care.
You May Like: How To Apply For Medicaid Health Insurance